|What are the causes of Vaginal Tumor?|
Most cancerous vaginal tumors occur when there are another cancer, such as cervical or endometrial cancer spreads. This is called secondary vaginal cancer.
|What are the symptoms of Vaginal Tumor?|
The most common symptom of vaginal tumor is vaginal bleeding. Bleeding often occurs during or after sexual intercourse and may be accompanied by pain. The bleeding may happen in between your normal periods, if you still have regular periods (you are pre-menopausal). Some women with vaginal tumor also experience vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse.
Less common symptoms of vaginal tumor include:
- Pain when urinating (dysuria)
- A sudden, urgent need to urinate
- Blood in your urine
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Pelvic pain
- Smelly or bloody vaginal discharge
- An itch in your vagina
- A lump in your vagina
- Swelling in your legs (oedema)
|Risk Factor of Vaginal Tumor|
Having a risk factor does not mean that you will get cancer and not having risk factors doesn’t mean that you will not get cancer. Risk factors for vaginal cancer include the following:
- Being aged 60 or older.
- Being exposed to DES while in the mother’s womb. Women who were exposed to DES before birth have an increased risk of vaginal cancer. Some of these women develop a rare form of vaginal cancer called clear cell adenocarcinoma.
- Having a history of abnormal cells in the uterus or cancer of the uterus.
- Having a history of abnormal cells in the cervix or cervical cancer.
- Having had a hysterectomy for health problems that affect the uterus
- Having human papilloma virus (HPV) infection.
EXAMS AND TESTS
Patients who have no symptoms, the cancer may be found during a routine pelvic examination and pap smear.
Other tests to diagnose vaginal tumors include:
- Biopsy – A biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue for laboratory examination.
- Colposcopy – A colposcopy is a special way of looking at the cervix. It uses a light and a low powered microscope to make the cervix appear much larger.
Other tests that can be done include:
- Chest x-ray – A chest x-ray is an x-ray of the chest, lungs, heart, large arteries, ribs and diaphragm.
- CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis – A computed tomography (CT) scan is an imaging method that uses x-ray to create pictures of cross-sections of the body.